Wedgwood School is on NE 85th Street at 30th Ave NE.
In September 1991 when my daughter entered kindergarten at Wedgwood School, it was a déjà vu moment for me because she was walking into the same classroom where I had attended in my own kindergarten year at Wedgwood School.
As I participated in the Wedgwood School PTA, I drew upon my background of having grown up in the Wedgwood neighborhood in northeast Seattle. The PTA projects of that 1991-1992 school year led to the local history writings which I have continued to do up to the present day.
Albert Balch, developer of Wedgwood
The Wedgwood neighborhood in Seattle took its name from a real estate development which was started in 1941 by Albert Balch. The naming happened gradually after Balch’s Wedgwood group of houses became well-known.
In an April 1956 interview for the Wedgwood Echo, the community club newspaper, Balch told the story of how the name “Wedgwood” came to be. Balch and his business partner, Ralph Jones, had previously named and built houses in View Ridge, a neighborhood centered around NE 70th Street on the slope east of 35th Ave NE, looking toward Lake Washington. Balch’s wife Edith hadn’t liked the name View Ridge, so Balch told her she could choose the name of the next project.
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The census of the year 1900 showed that at age 24, Thomas W. Lough had already experienced extremes of joys and heartaches in his life. At age 21 in January 1898, Thomas married Vina Graham in a ceremony at the home of Vina’s parents in the Fremont neighborhood of Seattle. Less than two years later, Vina died.
Vina Lough grave marker at Mt. Pleasant Cemetery on Queen Anne Hill. Photo courtesy of FindAGrave.com
The census of the year 1900 listed the widowed Thomas Lough and his one-year-old daughter Verah as living with his in-laws, Stephen & Emma Graham, who lived next door to the Cheadle family in the 3600 block of Aurora Avenue. The Grahams raised their granddaughter, freeing Thomas Lough to attend classes at the University of Washington and work toward his chosen profession of pharmacist.
Looking southward from Second & Cherry Streets in July 1889, we see tents set up for businesses in the burned-over downtown district. Photo courtesy of MOHAI.
In the 1880s the City of Seattle had been growing slowly and was only the second-largest city in Washington Territory, after Walla Walla. At the end of that decade, Seattle experienced a growth spurt from an unexpected source: a major fire in its downtown business district. Seattle’s Great Fire of June 6, 1889, caused the rebirth of the city. The post-fire rebuilding boom made Seattle the most populous city in Washington, a position which it has never lost since then.
The Great Fire did not reached the residential hillsides surrounding downtown Seattle. After the Fire the residential areas began to grow as new people streamed into Seattle to get work in the reconstruction-of-downtown building boom. Fremont was one of the neighborhoods which grew with the population growth of Seattle.
Along with the story of the naming of Seattle’s downtown streets, here on this blog I have also explored ways to find out the meaning of street names outside of the downtown area.
The origins of the naming of the City of Seattle are still being debated today. Was Seattle first called “Duwamps?” I (Valarie) am re-posting here, an excellent article by Seattle historian Rob Ketcherside, which explores the origins of Seattle’s naming.
US topographical map t1406 of Duwamish Bay
In 1894 Ross and Fremont were shown as place names with railroad stops. The ship canal had not yet been built but there was a creek called The Outlet from Lake Union, flowing westward.
The story of Seattle’s Great Fire of June 6, 1889, was widely publicized in national newspapers, including the response of Seattle leaders who pulled together immediately to commence rebuilding the downtown business zone.
Across the USA people recognized the opportunity to get in on the reconstruction boom, and soon people of many different skills, from carpenters to real estate investors, began arriving in Seattle. New doctors arrived in the city, too, and businessmen with services to offer such as drugstores, meat markets and groceries.
The suburb of Fremont had been founded just a year before Seattle’s Great Fire and was out of range of the fire. Fremont’s industries, including a lumber mill, iron foundry and construction materials company, boomed with business in the post-fire City of Seattle rebuilding program. Fremont also acquired new doctors and drugstores in 1889-1890 to serve the resident population.
The Fremont neighborhood of Seattle is located at the northwest corner of Lake Union, which Seattle’s early-arriving white settlers recognized as an ideal location for industries such as sawmills.
In 1888 Fremont’s developers began sales of lots from this real estate sign at about the present site of the Fremont Bridge. Photo courtesy of UW Special Collections, Asahel Curtis Item 482.
Even though the future-Fremont site was the 1854 homestead claim of William A. Strickler, settlement of this advantageous land area was delayed by legal problems until 1888.
Finally when the new Seattle suburb was named Fremont and was opened up for settlement in 1888, there was a land rush of buyers wanting to obtain lots. In order to help get the new community going, the real estate agents offered residential lots at the price of $1 to the first one hundred buyers.
Along with residences and businesses, a minister was one of the first to buy property in the new Fremont development. Rev. Albert Canney was a church-planter employed by the office of the Presbyterian churches of Seattle. Rev. Canney purchased a site for a future church building in Fremont on North 36th Street at the northeast corner of 1st Ave North.
In the early 1900s nationalist fervor built up in Europe until the tensions exploded into the First World War from 1914 to 1918. When Germany declared war on Russia, it set off power struggles within that country which ended Russia’s Romanov dynasty and led to even more political and social upheaval. Vladimir Lenin claimed to be leading a “workers revolution,” but he seized power and became dictator of the world’s first communist country, the Soviet Union.
Lenin speaking at a rally in 1919
In Seattle after the First World War there was some economic instability and social unrest such as the Seattle General Strike in February 1919. In this centennial year of the Seattle General Strike, the event is being re-examined as to its causes, course, and conclusion. Some believe that the Strike was triggered in part by news of the “workers revolution” in Russia. Unfortunately for Russia, the so-called “power to the people” movement devolved into nothing more than another oppressive regime, led by Lenin.
Despite some turmoil in Seattle in 1919, free enterprise prevailed. One of the key factors in overcoming oppression is the freedom to make one’s own choices of work and other opportunities. In Seattle in the 1920s immigrants could take hold of the American Dream by owning their own businesses. One such example of immigrant success was the Fremont Tire Shop at 3526 Fremont Place North, in the Fremont neighborhood of Seattle. The business was established by two Norwegian men.
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It was January 20, 1993, the day of the inauguration of incoming president Bill Clinton, and I was watching the ceremony and events of the day on TV.
Wedgewood Estates apartments looking eastward along NE 77th Street. At left is the scarlet oak tree at the corner of 38th Ave NE. Photo by Valarie, October 2018.
I lived in an apartment on the NE 77th Street side of the Wedgewood Estates complex. As the day went on, I could see outside that the branches of trees were waving wildly as the wind blew stronger and stronger. Suddenly with a bang, the wind caught the open window of my upstairs neighbors’ apartment. The window frame swung outward and back again against the building, shattering the glass. I went outside to look, and then I heard more cracking sounds coming from the corner of NE 77th Street and 37th Ave NE.