Chickens and Cows in Wedgwood: the Schultz and Sherman families

In the early 1900’s very few people lived in the Wedgwood area of northeast Seattle.  Many who did come were immigrants or first-generation Americans from Germany, Scandinavian countries or the Netherlands.  Others came from across the United States, hoping to get a new start in Seattle.  People who bought land in Wedgwood in the early 1900’s were willing to live a rural lifestyle so that they could afford to have their own homes.

In 1897 the still-small, struggling city of Seattle received a big publicity boost from the Yukon Gold Rush.   Seattle’s Chamber of Commerce sent press releases all over the USA, advertising Seattle as “Gateway to the Yukon,” claiming that all passage to the North Country was through Seattle and that all supplies could be obtained here.   Some people responded immediately to the lure of gold and came to Seattle as the jumping-off place, but the romance of Seattle as a land of opportunity lasted far longer than the Yukon Gold Rush.  For years afterward people were attracted to Seattle’s reputation as a place to make a new start.

Out in New York State, 22-year-old Charlie Schultz, a first-generation German American, was one who took up the challenge to make his fortune in gold.   Charlie did go North in 1898, but like many others he soon realized that the real money to be made was in Seattle itself.   Upon his return from the gold fields Charlie sought work in Seattle and he settled down by marrying Charlotte, a Swedish immigrant.

Charlie & Lottie bought land in an area outside of Seattle where they hoped to have a home in a few more years when they could afford to build.   In the early 1900’s it was common to invest money in land as a kind of savings account, thought to be safer than putting money in a bank.   The Schultzes built their first small wood-frame house on the hilltop at NE 75th Street along 32nd Ave NE, and they became one of the first few families to live in the Wedgwood area prior to 1910.   The neighborhood did not have any name at that time and was usually just called northeast Seattle, although technically it was outside the city limits.

The Schultzes’ northeast Seattle home was farm-like, but Charlie never characterized himself as a farmer.   He worked at various occupations, including carpentry, until he obtained a good job as a steamfitter in a Seattle shipyard, where he worked for the rest of his life.   At home, Charlotte tended a kitchen garden and kept chickens and cows.

The Schultz house was built in 1925 and is made of stucco but with no Spanish design details.  A small central brick chimney shows that the house was once heated by a wood stove.

The Schultz house was built in 1925 and is made of stucco. The house may have been expanded from the original, because a small central brick chimney shows that the house was once heated by a wood stove. The sawdust in the foreground marks where a large tree fell in July 2011 and had to be cut down.

In 1925 the Schultzes were able to build their dream house, a stucco structure at 3202 NE 75th Street.   Although stucco houses are uncommon in Wedgwood, the construction method was popular in the 1920’s as a less-costly alternative to brick.   Stucco was thought to be sturdy and resistant to both sun and rain.

The lure of Seattle continued to be strong even after the Gold Rush years were over, and not just for young men in their twenties like Charlie Schultz.   Out in Fredericksburg, Iowa, in 1905, Clarence Sherman approached his fortieth birthday and dreamed of Seattle.   Clarence had grown up in Fredericksburg as the only son of a prominent merchant, Milo Sherman, who was a Civil War veteran and well-respected in town.  Clarence worked in his father’s store.   Perhaps Clarence was beginning to feel overshadowed by his father and oppressed by life in a small town.   After contemplating his dead-end prospects as a forty-year-old store clerk, in 1905 Clarence resolved to move his family (wife Madge and five children) to Seattle and make a new start.

Mrs. Sherman is shown seated on the porch with one of her daughters circa 1919. The Sherman’s house faced east at the corner of 34th Ave NE, and NE 75th Street is on the left side of the photo.

The Shermans had a difficult struggle to get established in business in Seattle, and in 1908 they suffered the death of their twelve-year-old daughter, Marrion.   In 1909 Clarence began listing himself in the Seattle city directory as a poultry breeder on NE 75th Street at 34th Ave NE.   The Sherman’s wood-frame house had a big sign in front: “C.H. Sherman & Sons,” offering poultry and eggs for sale.

By 1919, even though three of their four remaining children were grown, married, and out of the house, income from the chicken-and-egg business was not enough to sustain Clarence & Madge Sherman financially.   Clarence and his youngest son, James, age 18, both obtained jobs in the burgeoning oil & gas supply industry as automobiles were increasing in popularity.

The final blow to the chicken ranch came when Clarence’s wife Madge died in 1921.   Clarence and his son James moved out of the house and took an apartment downtown, close to the gas station where they were working.   In 1922 Clarence remarried and moved to Beacon Hill, and James married one of the Verhamme girls whom he had known while growing up in the neighborhood around NE 75th Street.   Dorothea Verhamme was a member of the large interrelated Dutch immigrant group which had settled on 75th to 80th Streets near 35th Ave NE in the years 1910 to 1920.

Neighbors bought the Sherman property and built this brick house in place of it in 1930.

Neighbors bought the Sherman property and built this brick house in place of it in 1930.

Over the course of the 1920’s Clarence Sherman sold the rest of his land holdings in Wedgwood along 34th Ave NE.   The sale of these lots may have helped finance the purchase of a gas station on Beacon Hill, where Clarence worked the rest of his life.   Clarence sold his chicken-ranch house to a Wedgwood neighbor, but property records show that by 1925 the house was gone.   In its place, in 1930 the new owner built the present brick structure at 7503 – 34th Ave NE.

Throughout the years of the 1920’s and ‘30’s Charlie Schultz continued working as a steamfitter but he also expanded his farm-like activities from his house at 3202 NE 75th Street.   Into the 1940’s Wedgwood was still outside the city limits, and many people kept chickens and cows.  There were many vacant lots where the Schultz’s cows were allowed to roam freely and graze.   On August 10, 1942, at age 67 Charlie Schultz was killed by a bull which came up from behind and rammed him.   Perhaps Schultz’s hearing had deteriorated due to his long years of work in the noisy shipyard, for he had not heard the bull’s approach.

After her husband’s death Charlotte Schulz moved out of the house.   Things were changing: the neighborhood would soon be included within the City of Seattle, and cow-keeping would no longer be allowed.   Like Clarence Sherman and his son James, the Schultzes’ son Charlie Jr. took a job in the gasoline business, as a driver for Ajax Fuel Company.   After the end of World War Two, in the 1940’s and 1950’s Wedgwood began to change from a neighborhood of chickens and cows to that of streets, cars and new housing developments.

Notes on the Schultz family:  

The original house number was 3206 E. 75th Street; for simplification purposes I have given the address as 3202 NE 75th Street as it was changed in the 1950’s.  The 1942 newspaper death notice of Charles T. Schultz said that he had gone to the Alaska Gold Rush in 1898 and was a member of the Alaska Yukon Pioneers, Seattle Chapter.   The notice did not mention the manner of his death; that was told to me by neighborhood residents.

Notes on the Sherman family:  

The 1962 newspaper obituary for Neil, the older of the Sherman’s two sons, noted that the family came from Fredericksburg, Iowa, to Seattle in 1905.

The newspaper death notice of Madge Sherman stated that she died at home, September 6, 1921.  The cause of death was not given; she was 51.

Marriage dates obtained from Washington Digital Archives:  the Sherman’s oldest son Neil in 1914; daughters Marguerite & Melba each married in 1919; James in September 1922; and Clarence Sherman remarried in December 1922.

Sherman family history info from History of Fredericksburg, Iowa.

About Wedgwood in Seattle History

Valarie is a volunteer history writer for the Wedgwood neighborhood in Seattle, Washington.
This entry was posted in 3202 NE 75th Street, Houses, Immigrant heritage and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

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